Supplement for bmm1178

Supplementary material for
article bmm1178 - (urn:nbn:de:0009-3-11787).

Tutorial Resources

Brief Tutorial

The brief tutorial (open here) is an Adobe® Flash® Movie. You need an Abobe® Flash® Player for your browser to run the brief tutorial [ download player ].

Full Tutorial

The full tutorial comes as zipped packages or for single section download.

Package Download

Two packages are available (for single download see table below):

  1. A mixed package with all Flash Movies complemented by PDF sections, where no Flash Movie is available [ Download Mixed Flash Package 289 MB ] 1,2

  2. A complete PDF package. [ Download PDF Package 7.1 MB ] 1

Single Download


PDF- Slides1

Flash Videos with Audio Component 2

0. Quick Overview

This section will serve to orient us to the computational IDA model on which the conceptual model of how minds work is based.

0.1 The IDA Technology

0.1.pdf [744 KB]

no file available

1. Getting Started

Here we’ll find explanations for important preliminary concepts needed in order to understand how minds work

1.1 Minds, Agents, Senses and Actions

1.1.pdf [543 KB]

1.1.swf [19.9 MB]

1.2 Brains, Ontologies and Virtual Machines

1.2.pdf [404 KB]

no file available

1.3 An Ontology for Cognition

1.3.pdf [314 KB]

no file available

2. IDA Models the Human Mind

Here we begin the meat of the model, discussing its architecture, its theoretical background, its “atom of cognition” and how it helps to explain how minds work.

2.1 IDA and her Architecture

2.1.pdf [962 KB]

2.1.swf [23.8 MB]

2.2 Global Workspace Theory

2.2.pdf [321 KB]

2.2.swf [24.5 MB]

2.3 The IDA Cognitive Cycle

2.3.pdf [293 KB]

2.3.swf [25.2 MB]

2.4 The IDA Model of Cognition

2.4.pdf [161 KB]

2.4.swf [29.5 MB]

3. Mechanisms to Think With

Here we’ll explore several different “mechanisms of mind” that will help us to understand the IDA model of mind in more detail.

3.1 Pandemonium Theory

3.1.pdf [140 KB]

3.1.swf [7.7 MB]

3.2 The Copycat Architecture

3.2.pdf [140 KB]

3.2.swf [4.4 MB]

3.3 Sparse Distributed Memory

3.3.pdf [149 KB]

3.3.swf [19.1 MB]

3.4 Schema Mechanism

3.4.pdf [154 KB]

3.4.swf [19.5 MB]

3.5 Behavior Networks

3.5.pdf [149 KB]

no file available

4. What Does Biology Say?

While neuroscience, by itself, can’t explain how minds work, it’s an important underpinning, so that knowing a little about it can help.

4.1 Neuroscience

4.1.pdf [622 KB]

4.1.swf [22.8 MB]

4.2 Neurobiological Non-linear Complex Systems

4.2.pdf [732 KB]

4.2.swf [20.8 MB]

5. Expanding IDA’s Cognitive Cycle 

Finally we’ll begin a detailed explanation of how mind work by looking inside a “cognitive atom”, the elementary building block of cognition.

5.1 Sensing and Perceiving

5.1.pdf [229 KB]

5.1.swf [33.7 MB]

5.2 Working and Episodic Memories

5.2.pdf [338 KB]

no file available

5.3 "Consciousness"

5.3.pdf [214 KB]

no file available

5.4 Memories and Learning

5.4.pdf [286 KB]

5.4.swf [42.9 MB]

6.How to Think at a Higher-Level

Here we’ll begin to see how mind combine “cognitive atoms” to produce higher level thought processes.

6.1 Deliberation and Volition

6.1.pdf [259 KB]

no file available

6.2 Automization

6.2.pdf [258 KB]

no file available

7.Explaining Mind with the IDA Model

In this section we’ll sample explanations of various though processes as they are produced by the model of mind we’ve been exploring.

7.1 The IDA Model: A Tool to Think With

7.1.pdf [175 KB]

no file available

8.Learning with the IDA Model

Here we’ll explore several modes of learning that play such an important role in how minds work.

8.1 The IDA and LIDA Models

8.1.pdf [416 KB]

no file available

1 PDF-Slides will require Adobe® Reader®: download ;

2 Flash Videos with Audio Component will require Adobe® Flash Player: download .


The glossary (open here) provides you with short descriptions of the main concepts used in the tutorial.

Alternative Tutorial View and Download

All files as well as stream versions of the Flash® Movies are available at the tutorial homepage of the Computer Science Department and the Institute for Intelligent Systems, Memphis, USA:

Supplementary Material Datasheet


  • Title: How Minds Work: A Cognitive Theory of Everything – a Tutorial on the IDA Model of Cognition

  • Description: Tutorial consisting of PDF slides and Flash Movies with audio component

  • Language: English

  • Author: Stan Franklin

  • Contributors:

  • Affiliation: Computer Science Department and the Institute for Intelligent Systems, The University of Memphis, USA

  • Creator: Stan Franklin

  • Publisher: Author

  • Source:

  • Rights: Author


  • Application context: graduate, master, bachelor

  • Application setting: single-user, self study.

  • Instructional use: Just view and listen.

  • Time: appr. 30 hours

  • Resource type: slide animation, flash video with audio, flash animation

  • Application objective: Tutorial for self study of the IDA model.


  • Required applications: Adobe Acrobat Reader, Adobe Flash Player, Browser

  • Required platform: any

  • Requirements: -

  • Archive: and

  • Target-type: .pdf, .swf

  • Target: any

Requirements and setup instructions

  • Download and doubleclick files to run. You may have to install Adobe® Reader® [ download here ] and/or Adobe® Flash Player [ download here ], respectively, to run the presentation on your computer and your preferred browser.

Application instructions